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Chandigarh 4 (of 4): Pinjore Yadavindra Mughal garden design

Corbusier visited Pinjore’s Mughal Garden when working on the design of Chandigarh – and it is a pity he did not learn more from the experience. Corbusier could also have read Constance Villiers-Stuart’s account of the Pinjore garden (in The

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The landscape architecture of Le Corbusier and the other Pioneer Modern Masters

Edwin and Joy Hoag, in a 1977 book, identified the Masters of Modern Architecture as Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius. Their relationship with landscape architecture deserves more attention than it normally receives. Thinking

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Chandigarh 3 (of 4): The garden design of Nek Chand’s Illegal Rock Garden

Nek Chand Saini’s (नेक चंद सैनी) Rock Garden in Chandigarh is a remarkable contrast with Corbusier’s Capitol Complex, which it adjoins. Corb’s work is sterile, vacant, glaring and unused. Chand’s work is fascinating, cool, shady and very popular. How is

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Chandigarh 2 (of 4): The landscape architecture of Le Corbusier’s Capitol Complex

Of the four ‘masters of modern architecture’ (Walter Gropius, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe) Corb was the most interested in the integration of architecture and landscape. His design for Chandigarh’s Capitol Complex is a major example

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Chandigarh 1 (of 4): Le Corbusier’s urban design and planning

Corbusier’s urban design for Chandigarh is seen in the west as a disaster. This assessment dates from the 1950s, ’60s and ’70s, when the roads had few motor vehicles and the roadside trees were saplings (see photos of Chandigarh’s roads,

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